A Simplified HTML and CSS Guide for Aspiring Web Designers

HTML and CSS are the essentials of a fascinating and featured website. The designers must be aware of its importance. The beginners may not be sentient of all the features of HTML and CSS that serves a lot of features while building a website. Here are some fundamentals that have been outlined. The following HTML and CSS guide for beginners will work through all the key elements of front-end design and development.

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Brief Intro to Terminology and Syntax

Before you begin with the journey to learn HTML and CSS, you need to understand the primary difference between HTML and CSS. There is a gigantic difference in these two languages in aspect of their syntax and common terminology.

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As an overview, HTML is an abbreviation for Hyper Text Markup Language which is created to give a structured and meaningful content. On other hand, CSS is an abbreviation for Cascading Style Sheet, which is a popular presentation language developed to give style and effective appearance to the content.

Ingredients of HTML

Tags, attributes and elements are a few common but popular terms with which you will going to play after getting familiar.

 

Elements

Elements are just designators which define objects within a page, content and structure. Some of the popular elements includes h1 through h6, p, div, a, span, strong and em.

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Example:

< a >

 

Tags

Tags are categorized into two types, that is, opening tags and closing tags. Opening tags are used to mark the beginning of an element and closing tags that begins with a forward slash for the end of an element.

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Example:

<a>……</a>

 

Attributes

Attributes are simply the properties which allow giving an additional instruction to the given element. Most usually, attributes assign an id, title or class to an element and to give a source (src) to media elements and to provide a hyperlink reference (href).

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Example:

<a href = “http:///www.example.com/”>Example</a>

 

Ingredients of CSS

In addition to HTML terms, you need to get familiar with a few CSS terms. These terms will become your second nature, if you will work more on this.

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Selectors

A selector is identified as what comes before curly braces. It determines exact element(s) to which style has to be applied. It may include a combination of diversified IDs, types, classes and various attributes.

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Example:

p{……..}

 

Properties

Property determines the style which has to be applied to an element. It can be identified as the text appearing right before a colon.

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Example:

p {

            color: #ff0;

            font-size: 16px;

}

 

Values

The behavior of a property is determined by this term, that is, attribute. Value is identified as the text placed in between of colon and semicolon.

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Example:

p {

            color: #ff0;

            font-size: 16 px;

}

 

Box Model and Positioning

One principle which is necessary to understand HTML and CSS is a box model. The concept of box model states that each element on a webpage is rectangular in size and it may include padding, borders and margins. There are some different was to locate elements.

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Box Sizing for CSS

The boxes are available in different sizes and may be comprised of padding, margins and borders to modify their sizes. The developing of such properties is collectively known as box model.

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The Box Model of HTML

The box starts with the height and width of an element which may be determined by the nature of element, its contents or by specified width and height properties. Further, the height and width is followed by padding and border. Later, the border is followed by border, however, it is not technically considered within the actual size of box.

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Example:

div {

background: #fff;

border: 6px solid #ccc;

height: 100 px;

margin: 20 px;

padding: 20px;

wodth: 400px;

}

 

Assimilating Audio, Video and Images

To accompany the plain text, HTML and CSS provides a best way to users to have content rich in images, audio tracks and videos.

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Adding Images

In order to add images to a page, the img inline element is used. This inline element works, when a src and alt attributes value is included that specifies the source of requested image.

 

Adding Audio

HTML5 offers a quick and easy way to integrate audio and video files that needs to be played on a website. Just like img element, an audio element also requires a source URL which is specified with the src attribute.

Adding Video

Adding in HTML5 videos is quite similar to adding audio files. However, the video element is used instead of audio element.

We hope that this effective HTML and CSS guide will really help you understand these web design essentials. Moreover you can easily learn some more facts and features about HTML and CSS by downloading a zipped file for the same. There are informative tutorial videos also that are available on internet.

Mike Swan is a specialist Web Designer at Markupcloud Ltd. a HTML to WordPress Conversion Company He possess a huge experience in technology domain and loves all things comes under web Design niche. He trying to spread his intangible knowledge to maximum people he can in order to make a equal knowledge platform.